Automation was intended to improve efficiency and cut the expense of human operators (i.e. payments / benefits) so automated systems could run 24 hours a day. The focus of the automation sector today, however, has moved towards improvement of output quality and flexibility. The mounting of pistons in the engine used to take place manually in the automotive industry at an error rate of 1-1.5%. At present, this job is carried out with an error rate of 0.00001 percent using automated machinery.
Benefits of Industrial Automation
Lower running cost: Factory automation reduces charges for hospitals and paid leave and human holidays. Considering other workplace benefits, including bonuses, pension coverage etc., is not needed for industrial automation. In particular, although correlated with high initial costs, it saves employees’ monthly salaries, resulting in significant cost savings for the organization. The equipment used for industrial automation cost for repair is lower, because it does not always malfunction. If it fails, it is only expected to be repaired by computer and maintenance engineers. It sure helps a lot of industrial automation companies.
While several companies employ hundreds of production employees for a maximum number of hours for up to three shifts, the plant still needs to be closed for maintenance and vacation. The company’s goal is to enable the company to operate a manufacturing plant 24 hours a day , seven days a week and 365 days a year, in order to achieve their goals. The productivity of the company thus improves substantially.
Automation alleviates a human being’s mistake. However, unlike humans, robots do not suffer fatigue, resulting in the production of goods of consistent quality at different times.
A new assembly line function requires training with a human operator, but robots can be programmed to accomplish any mission. This flexibilizes the manufacturing cycle.
High Information Accuracy
Through incorporating automated data collection, you can capture valuable output data, increase data quality and reduce data collection costs. This gives you the facts to decide correctly when it comes to waste reduction and process improvement.
By deploying robots for the handling of harmful conditions, industrial automation can make the production line safe for employees.
Disadvantages of Industrial Automation
High Initial Cost
The initial investment in the transition from a manufacturing line to an automated production line is very high. Training workers to manage this modern and advanced equipment can entail considerable costs.